Many of the Original CEO Study findings appear consistent with the concepts found in spiritual leadership as described by Fry (2003) and Fry & Nisiewicz (2013). Spiritual leadership concepts were linked directly or indirectly with 21 of the 35 top-level concepts in the leading transformation framework (Latham, 2013, p. 33). This research project brings together leading transformation framework and spiritual leadership, two of the research “streams” that I call for being combined in Latham (2014).
To test the connection between spiritual leadership and organizational excellence, my colleagues, Louis “Jody” Fry (Texas A&M), Sharon Clinebell and Keiko Krahnke (University of Northern Colorado), and I conducted a quantitative study of Baldrige Award recipient organizations. The purpose of this research was to test a dynamic relationship between spiritual leadership and spiritual well-being (i.e., a sense of calling and membership) and key organizational outcomes in a sample of Baldrige recipient organizations. Using structural equation modeling (SEM), results revealed a positive and significant relationship between spiritual leadership and organizational commitment, unit productivity, and life satisfaction. These relationships were explained or mediated by spiritual well-being.
- Fry, L. W. 2003. Toward a theory of spiritual leadership. The Leadership Quarterly. 14, 693-727.
- Fry, L. & Nisiewicz, M. 2013. Maximizing the triple bottom line through spiritual leadership. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
- Latham, J. R. (2013). A framework for leading the transformation to performance excellence part II: CEO perspectives on leadership behaviors, individual leader characteristics, and organizational culture. Quality Management Journal, 20(3), 22. | Read more
- Latham, J. R. (2014). Leadership for quality and innovation: Challenge, theories, and a framework for future research. Quality Management Journal, 21(1), 5. | Read more
Publication and Presentations
Fry, L. W., Latham, J. R., Clinebell, S. K., & Krahnke, K. (2017). Spiritual leadership as a model for performance excellence: a study of Baldrige award recipients. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, 14(1), 22–47. https://doi.org/10.1080/14766086.2016.1202130 | Read more
Fry, L. W., Latham, J. R., Clinebell, S., & Krahnke, K. (2014). Spiritual leadership as a model for implementing the Baldrige performance excellence criteria. 74th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, 31. Philadelphia: Academy of Management. | Read More
2012 | Krahnke, K., Clinebell, S., Fry, L. W., & Latham, J. R. | Professional Development Workshop (PDW) at the 72nd Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (August 3rd) | Boston. | Download